Integrating Environmental Monitoring and Mosquito Surveillance to Predict Vector-borne Disease: Prospective Forecasts of a West Nile Virus Outbreak

Abstract Introduction: Predicting the timing and locations of future mosquito-borne disease outbreaks has the potential to improve the targeting of mosquito control and disease prevention efforts. Here, we present and evaluate prospective forecasts made prior to and during the 2016 West Nile virus (WNV) season in South Dakota, a hotspot for human WNV transmission in the […]

Elevation as a proxy for mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission in the Americas

Abstract Introduction: When Zika virus (ZIKV) first began its spread from Brazil to other parts of the Americas, national-level travel notices were issued, carrying with them significant economic consequences to affected countries. Although regions of some affected countries were likely unsuitable for mosquito-borne transmission of ZIKV, the absence of high quality, timely surveillance data made […]

A Comparative Study of the Trends of Imported Dengue Cases in Korea and Japan 2011 – 2015

A Comparative Study of the Trends of Imported Dengue Cases in Korea and Japan 2011 – 2015 Abstract Background: Dengue is a mosquito-borne febrile disease that represents a major public health problem in tropical and subtropical areas. Even though Korea and Japan are not the regions where dengue is epidemic, there have been many imported […]

Changing paradigms in Aedes control: considering the spatial heterogeneity of dengue transmission

Current dengue vector control strategies, focusing on reactive implementation of insecticide-based interventions in response to clinically apparent disease manifestations, tend to be inefficient, short-lived, and unsustainable within the worldwide epidemiological scenario of virus epidemic recrudescence. As a result of a series of expert meetings and deliberations, a paradigm shift is occurring and a new strategy, […]

Zika virus disease: An update

Abstract Zika virus disease is an emerging viral disease transmitted by the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. Zika virus disease has been reported from Americas, Oceania/Pacific Islands, Africa, and Asia, and it has the potential for international spread. The most common route of transmission is by bite of Aedes mosquito, by sexual contact, transplacentally, […]

Spatial Analysis of Dengue Seroprevalence and Modeling of Transmission Risk Factors in a Dengue Hyperendemic City of Venezuela

Background Dengue virus (DENV) transmission is spatially heterogeneo us. Hence, to stratify dengue prevalence in space may be an efficacious strategy to target surveillance and control efforts in a cost-effective manner particularly in Venezuela where dengue is hyperendemic and public health resources are scarce. Here, we determine hot spots of dengue seroprevalence and the risk […]

Risk of travel-related cases of Zika virus infection is predicted by transmission intensity in outbreak-affected countries

Background Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is emerging globally, currently causing outbreaks in the Caribbean, and Central and South America, and putting travellers to affected countries at risk. Model-based estimates for the basic reproduction number (R 0 ) of ZIKV in affected Caribbean and Central and South American countries, obtained from 2015 to 2016 human case […]


Dengue infection has been known in India for a very long time. Frequent epidemic episodes occur especially in monsoons. All ages and both sexes are susceptible to dengue fever. Dengue/D.H.F (dengue hemorrhagic fever) is widely prevalent in our country. All four serotypes have been reported. It is one disease where worst outcome can be prevented […]